Brazilian Pennywort Ultimate Guides (Care, Stem, Leaves, Root & Benefits)

brazilian pennywort

A Brazilian Pennywort is a popular fish tank plant. Brazilian Pennywort is frequently sold in pet shops in plastic pots, or as trimmings bunched at the stem base with an elastic band. Brazilian Pennywort could also be marketed under the names Brazilian Water Ivy, or just as Pennywort.

Brazilian Pennywort is versatile, very easy to grow and simple to care for. That’s why Brazilian Pennywort is an excellent starter plant for newbies keeping freshwater area tanks.

Quick Fact about Brazilian Pennywort

  • Typical Names : Brazilian Pennywort, Brazilian Water Ivy, Pennywort
  • Scientific Name : Hydrocotyle leucocephala
  • Origin : Southern Mexico to Northern Argentina
  • Height : 4 to 8 inches (approximately 24 inches).
  • Size : 2 to 6 inches, based on leaf development.
  • Growth Rate : Fast.
  • Positioning : Mid to History, additionally Drifting.
  • Lights : Demands.Reduced.
  • Temperature : 68 to 82 F (20-28 C).
  • : 6.0 to 7.8.
  • Firmness : 9 to 13 dGH.
  • Difficulty : Easy.

Beginning and Distribution of Brazilian Pennywort

Hydrocotyle leucocephala, or Brazilian Pennywort, stems from wetlands and marches in Southern Mexico to Northern Argentina. Named after its penny-shaped fallen leaves, it is extensively readily available throughout the fish tank industry.


The round, penny to half-dollar sized leaves expanding alternately along a vine-like slipping stem, makes the Brazilian Pennywort terrific contrast plant in a live grown aquarium. At each fallen leave joint the plant sends tiny white origin fires, when the plant gets to the surface of the water it will certainly produce small white blooms.

A rapid grower, Brazilian Pennywort quickly reaches 8 inches or even more in height. It is among the most convenient fish tank plants to grow as well as is suitable for several aquarium arrangements, from totally marine to bog setups.

Brazilian Pennywort is really just like one more marsh plant, Cardamine lyrata (also known as Japanese Cress). The Japanese Cress has smaller leaves, while the Brazilian Pennywort is faster expanding and much less requiring.

When Getting Brazilian Pennywort Plants

When buying Pennywort, try to find plants with healthy and balanced fallen leaves and durable stems. Healthy Brazilian Pennywort fallen leaves are light green and kidney formed. Leaves need to be without fractures, rips, openings or staining.

Brazilian Pennywort stems are vine-like, adaptable as well as tough, so see to it they are also free from breaks, are not limp or turning brownish. Brazilian Pennywort roots are white-ish in shade as well as fine in texture as they show up under stem joints.

Origins could resemble bean sprouts if they have actually been grown in substratum. Brazilian Pennywort could not be a great choice for tanks with rough fish like cichlids or fish. If there are any inquiries relating to compatibility, its ideal to contact the shop clerk prior to purchasing.

Brazilian Pennywort Care Is Easy

One of the very best components regarding maintaining this plant is that Brazilian Pennywort care is easy. It can be maintained as either a rooted plant or floating plant. As a rooted plant, Brazilian Pennywort could be utilized in the midground or background.

Some enthusiasts also keep it in the foreground. When the plant is rooted, it will certainly grow as a stem plant up toward the water surface area and light source. As a floating plant, its fallen leaves will certainly grow up to the water surface creating shaded locations below.

Floating Brazilian Pennywort could also provide cover for inhabitants seeking a refuge to rest or hide. Either way, Brazilian Pennywort development rate could be quick if the problems are right. Plant growth could take over a container rapidly, so plan the aquascape suitably. Enable very easy gain access to points around decors to cut away extreme development.


Regarding plant leaves go, Brazilian Pennywort leaves include a quite eco-friendly color to containers. Brazilian Pennywort fallen leaves are different in appearance compared to some other aquarium plants like Water Sprite or Anacharis.

Brazilian Pennywort leaves look more like a plant leaf one would see in a backyard garden. Brazilian Pennywort leaves vary in size from concerning the size of a dollar to regarding the dimension of a quarter. And sometimes, leaves can expand to be concerning the dimension of a half dollar.

Leaves grow off the stem as well as have veins that emit throughout the leaf. Capillaries stem at the location where the fallen leave is connected to the stem as well as expand external from there. As the capillaries prolong external, the larger capillaries branch into smaller side veins supplying support for the leaf.

The leaf margins are rounded as well as could be slightly curled creating a subtle rippled impact. Brazilian Pennywort leaves are not slow expanding, so algae accumulation on the fallen leave blades is generally not an issue. If leaves begin transforming yellow, discoloration more than likely with start near the fallen leave edge.


One more intriguing aspect of this plant is its stem framework. Brazilian Pennywort stems are expand in sections. Each segment has noticeable joints where leaves and also origins attach. Brazilian Pennywort stems are durable can sustain the plant in water.

For as resilient as Brazilian Pennywort stems are, they could snap conveniently if pulled or curved. Most of the times, stem damage occurs while trimming. Stem damages could likewise take place if hobbyists attempt to move the plant or removal decors.

Another thing that can happen is the plant could become power filter consumption and also stem damages could happen when attempting to untangle that mess. Fortunately is, must the stem snap, there is a great chance that the harmed portion of the plant could survive its own.


These fine, delicate and string-like Brazilian Pennywort origins grow from the stem joint regardless of whether the plant is grown or floating. If the stem joint is close enough to the bottom, these string-like roots can make their means into the substratum and also support that part of the plant.

Brazilian Pennywort roots grow into systems sufficient to keep the plant in position, with the key root as well as radicals being a little bit thicker compared to roots of floating plants.

Brazilian Pennywort Water Parameters

Brazilian Pennywort care is easy since the plant is so adaptable to a vast array of fish tank water problems.

  • Aquarium pH: 6.0– 7.8
  • Water Temperature level: 68– 82 levels Fahrenheit
  • Storage tank Size: Any kind of, yet the plant can expand quick as well as take control of swiftly
  • Lights: Variety, neighborhood container lighting need to work penalty

Some hobbyists recommend that Pennywort can assist keep fish tank water high quality up by aiding keep Nitrate levels down. Some hobbyists also suggest that Pennywort is just one of the best real-time fish tank plants for this purpose.

That stated, its essential to remember that the most effective means to regulate Nitrate degrees is to keep raw material from building up in the aquarium by not overfeeding, not overstocking, and performing routine partial water adjustments.

While Pennywort could help rather, it ought to not be considered a Nitrate wonder employee if various other facets of container maintenance are not right.

Brazilian Pennywort Growth Rate

Pennywort can be a fast growing plant in both low light, low tech storage tanks, as well as in more innovative arrangements.

And all things being equivalent, the extra extreme the lights is, or the even more hrs light is readily available, the faster the plant should grow. The exact same can be said for plant fertilizers. Supplementing with plant fertilizers can cause Pennywort to expand like crazy.

That said, some enthusiasts have actually stated that some liquid plant fertilizers could melt the plant away. So prior to including fertilizers, do some research study to see exactly what is being stated concerning the impacts of the particular fertilizer on Pennywort.

And with all fertilizers, see to it they are not unsafe to the inhabitants of the tank. Aquarium shrimp and also some types of snails might be sensitive to some of the fertilizer’s components, especially copper.

Brazilian Pennywort Trimming

Trimming Brazilian Pennywort might be needed when the plant stems start to outgrow their room in the storage tank. Under the ideal conditions, stems can sometimes expand longer compared to two feet.

Just select the part of the stem that has to be cut as well as delicately trim it with cutting shears. When cutting excess growth beware not to draw or tug at the stem and also make prevent tearing the plant.

Brazilian Pennywort Reproduction

Brazilian Pennywort reproduction is normally very easy. Merely trim a pair inches of stem, with lots of fallen leaves, off the parent plant as well as allow it float in the water. If the trimmed stem is long enough, plant the trimmed finish into the substratum.

In about a week or so, the trimming should begin to grow origins. Soon afterwards, the plant will certainly be expanding on its own. Pennywort could also be recreated from a single healthy and balanced leaf given there is an item of stem affixed to it.

Simply allow the leaf float individually in the water. In most cases, the fallen leave and stem will certainly expand roots on its own.

Leave a Comment